• HOME
  • BLOGS

Difference Between Additives and Admixtures

Main Difference – Additives vs Admixtures

Additives and admixtures are chemical components that are added to other materials to improve their chemical and physical properties. Although both of them are components added to other materials, there are differences between additives and admixtures when it comes to cement and concrete mixtures. Additives can be food additives or any other substance added to something in small quantities to improve or preserve it. Admixtures, on the other hand, are components added to a concrete mixture while mixing. The main difference between additives and admixtures is that additives are added to cement during manufacturing to get new properties for cement whereas admixtures are added to concrete mixtures while mixing to get new properties.

What are Additives

Additives are chemical components added to cement during manufacturing to get new properties for cement. The raw materials used in the manufacturing of cement are lime, silica, alumina and iron oxide. These material are ground into a fine powder and are mixed followed by roasting. Heating of this mixture to about 1500oC will initiate a number of chemical reactions that give the final chemical composition of cement.

In order to obtain desired properties, various additives are added to cement while manufacturing.

Accelerators
Accelerators are added to reduce cement settling time and to speed up the development of compressive strength.

Retarders
Retarders extend the cement settling time. This helps the cement to have sufficient time for slurry placement in deep wells.

Dispersants
Dispersants are added to reduce the viscosity of cement slurry and to ensure good mud removal during placement.

Fluid Loss Control Agents
Fluid loss control agents control water loss from the cement into the formation.

Some accelerators added to cement are calcium chloride (CaCl2), sodium chloride (NaCl), sea water and potassium chloride (KCl).

What are Admixtures
Admixtures are chemical components that are added to concrete mixtures while mixing to get new properties. Admixtures are the components in concrete other than cement, water and aggregates. Admixtures are added to cement immediately before or during mixing the concrete mixture.

Admixtures are added to:

-Intentionally entrain air
-Reduce water requirement
-Increase workability
-Adjust the settling time
-Adjust the strength

There are different types of admixtures classified as below with some examples.

Air entraining admixtures – salts of wood resins, some synthetic detergents, salts of petroleum acids
Plasticizers
Water-reducing admixtures – lignosulfonates, hydroxylated carboxylic acids, etc.
Accelerating admixtures – calcium chloride, sodium thiocyanate, etc.
Retarding admixtures – lignin, borax, sugars, etc.
Corrosion inhibitors, etc.

Difference Between Additives and Admixtures

Definition
Additives: Additives are chemical components added to cement during manufacturing to get new properties for cement.

Admixtures: Admixtures are chemical components that are added to concrete mixtures while mixing to get new properties.

Raw Material
Additives: Additives are added to cement.

Admixtures: Admixtures are added to concrete.

Addition
Additives: Additives are added to cement while manufacturing.

Admixtures: Admixtures are added to concrete before or during mixing.

Different Types
Additives: Different additives are classified as accelerators, retarders, dispersants, fluid loss control agents, etc.

Admixtures: Different admixtures are classified as air retaining admixtures, plasticizers, water-reducing admixtures, etc.

Conclusion
Additives are added to cement while manufacturing. Admixtures are added to the concrete mixture before or during mixing. The main difference between additives and admixtures is that additives are added to cement during manufacturing to get new properties for cement whereas admixtures are added to concrete mixtures while mixing to get new properties.

additives and admixtures


Post time: Jun-24-2022